Category Geology

Principles of Stratigraphy

Principles of Stratigraphy

Stratigraphy is the study of layered rocks, especially their sequence, correlation from place to place, relative ages, and interpretation. Several important stratigraphic principles emerged from the study of stratigraphy centuries ago by the early founders of the science of geology.…

Texture and Structure of Sedimentary Rocks

How are Sedimentary Rocks Formed

Sedimentary rocks are the rocks resulting from the consolidation of loose sediments which have been derived from the pre-existing rocks and minerals, chemical precipitation from solution, and organic remains of plants and animals at or near the earth’s surface. Texture…

Texture and Structure of Igneous Rocks

Texture and structure of Igneous Rocks
Texture of igneous rocks is the actual relationship between crystals or in between crystal and glassy matter under physiochemical environment. The large scale features of igneous rocks is called the structure of igneous rocks.

Physical Properties of Minerals

Physical properties of minerals

Mineral is a naturally occuring inorganic solid with a definite chemical composition and physical structure. Common minerals include quartz, feldspar, mica, amphibole, olivine, and calcite. There are approximately 4000 different minerals, and each of those minerals has a unique set…