Subsistence Harvesting: Principles, Uses & Management

Subsistence harvesting is the approach to control the overexploitation of biological resources and other endangered species to bring them back to the brink of extinction.

Principles for Subsistence Harvesting

  • Harvesting based on Common species.
  • Wise use, based on sustainable harvesting.
  • Subsistence harvested animals (fish, snail, fern, etc.) only outside of PAs as per mentioned in the operational plan.
  • Greater local participation in the management of natural resources.
  • Wish to establish harvest quotas or other restrictive harvest guidelines.

Uses of Subsistence Harvesting

  • Status of usable natural resources that are being harvested.
  • Document harvest patterns and subsistence land use.
  • Provide accurate information on the harvest of resources so that informed wildlife management decisions can be made.
  • To enable us to respond to important issues relating to our subsistence lifestyles.
  • Protect subsistence resources for the future generation.
  • It involves the management of the controversy and ultimately the welfare of animal populations.

Management of Subsistence Harvesting

The following activities help to manage subsistence farming:

  • Bag limits- The maximum number of game animals permitted by law to be taken by one person in a given period.
  • Size limits- It will protect undersized (pre-reproductive) individuals.
  • Gear restrictions
  • Zonation of Area
  • Reseeding of juveniles
  • Fully protected reserves
  • Closed periods or seasons
  • Restrictions on: where sold, where harvested, who harvests
  • Permit-holders
  • Co-management
  • Monitoring
  • Total Allowable Catch- Maximum amount of a particular species that can be taken by commercial harvesters during a period.
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